Business-as-usual oil palm expansion, which increasingly replaces tropical forests with monoculture crop systems, depletes biodiversity, destroys old growth rainforest, and causes air pollution. … Furthermore, more than 60% of Indonesian rainforest species are endemic to that region.
Is Palm Oil important to Indonesia?
Palm oil production is important to the economy of Indonesia as the country is the world’s biggest producer and consumer of the commodity, providing about half of the world’s supply. … In addition to servicing traditional markets, Indonesia is looking to put more effort into producing biodiesel.
What is palm oil used for in Indonesia?
Crude palm oil is the main feedstock for biofuel in Indonesia. To ensure a steady market for its palm oil, as well as to improve its energy independence, the Indonesian government had rolled out a plan to gradually increase the biofuel mix in its biodiesel.
Why is palm oil produced in Indonesia?
Indonesia is the largest exporter of palm oil, producing approximately half of the global product. Palm trees are highly efficient, so growers can produce palm oil quickly and in large volumes. Still, the deforestation that is necessary to expanding palm oil plantations is devastating to forest areas and wildlife.
How does palm oil affect the environment?
The biggest impact of unsustainable palm oil production is the large-scale devastation of tropical forests. As well as widespread habitat loss for endangered species like Asian rhinos, elephants, tigers and orangutans, this can lead to significant soil erosion.
Is palm oil cancerous?
It may be safe to say that you use or eat palm oil products daily. However, this product has been linked to cancer risk. According to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), palm oil can cause cancer when processed at high temperatures.
Why is palm oil bad?
What is the problem with palm oil? Palm oil has been and continues to be a major driver of deforestation of some of the world’s most biodiverse forests, destroying the habitat of already endangered species like the Orangutan, pygmy elephant and Sumatran rhino.
How much of the world palm oil comes from Indonesia?
In 2018, the world produced 72 million tonnes of oil palm. Indonesia accounted for 57% of this (41 million tonnes), and Malaysia produced 27% (20 million tonnes). 84% of global palm oil production comes from Indonesia and Malaysia.
Who is the largest palm oil producer?
Indonesia is the largest producer of palm oil, followed by Malaysia – both countries account for 84% of the worlds palm production.
How much land does palm oil use in Indonesia?
Indonesia has about 14 million hectares of land planted with oil palm.
What 3 countries account for the largest demand of palm oil?
The demand for palm oil is expanding globally. Indonesia, India, and China are among the top palm oil-consuming countries. According to the official data, in India, about 349,000 hectare spread across 16 states have total palm oil potential in 2019.
Why has palm oil production increased?
Growing consumer demand for palm oil
Population growth in emerging markets, global expansion by the food processing industry, and a turn away from trans fats by global consumers have all contributed to more than a doubling of the global use of palm oil for food over the past 15 years.
How much is the palm oil industry worth in Indonesia?
Value of total palm oil exports Indonesia 2011-2020
In 2020, the value of Indonesia’s total palm oil exports amounted to around 18.45 million U.S. dollars. Indonesia is the world’s largest producer and exporter of palm oil, followed by Malaysia.
What are the effects of palm oil plantations?
Palm oil plantations, typically monoculture crops are under increasing scrutiny for their effects on the environment, including loss of carbon-sequestering, biodiverse forest land. There is also concern over displacement and disruption of human and animal populations due to palm oil cultivation.
Why does palm oil cause deforestation?
Few people realize that almost half of the palm oil imported into the EU is used as biofuel. Since 2009, the mandatory blending of biofuels into motor vehicle fuels has been a major cause of deforestation. Oil palm plantations currently cover more than 27 million hectares of the Earth’s surface.
Why do we use palm oil?
It’s cheap and efficient making it the world’s most widely used vegetable oil – and global consumption is rising. Palm oil is used in the production of foods such as cake, chocolate, biscuits, margarine and frying fats. It is also found in cosmetics, soap, shampoo, cleaning products and can be used as a biofuel.