Philippines Under Spanish Rule, 1571-1898.
How many years did the Spanish rule the Philippines?
The Spanish colonial period of the Philippines began when explorer Ferdinand Magellan came to the islands in 1521 and claimed it as a colony for the Spanish Empire. The period lasted until the Philippine Revolution in 1898.
How long was the Philippines under American rule?
The period of American colonialization of the Philippines lasted 48 years, from cession of the Philippines to the U.S. by Spain in 1898 to U.S. recognition of Philippine independence in 1946.
How was the Philippines administered by Spain as a colony?
The archipelago was Spain’s outpost in the orient and Manila became the capital of the entire Spanish East Indies. The colony was administered through the Viceroyalty of New Spain (now Mexico) until 1821 when Mexico achieved independence from Spain.
How did the Spanish treat the Philippines?
The grants gave the Spanish warlords the absolute right to control all the Filipinos living within the boundaries of the encomiendas, and the right to force them into labour up to 12 hours a day, six days a week, and collect the resulting “tributes” (50 per cent of their crops).
What was Philippines called before Spain?
Eventually the name “Las Islas Filipinas” would be used to cover the archipelago’s Spanish possessions. Before Spanish rule was established, other names such as Islas del Poniente (Islands of the West) and Magellan’s name for the islands, San Lázaro, were also used by the Spanish to refer to islands in the region.
What are the negative effects of Spanish colonization in the Philippines?
The Spanish colonization however had major negative impacts on the indigenous people that settled in Trinidad such as the decrease of the population, family separation, starvation and the lost of their culture and tradition.
Is the Philippines still a US territory?
The Philippines is not a US territory any more; it got its independence after the second world war. … Besides Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, the US Virgin Islands and a handful of minor outlying islands, the US maintains roughly 800 overseas military bases around the world.
Why did America want the Philippines?
Americans who advocated annexation evinced a variety of motivations: desire for commercial opportunities in Asia, concern that the Filipinos were incapable of self-rule, and fear that if the United States did not take control of the islands, another power (such as Germany or Japan) might do so.
What is the greatest contribution of America to the Philippines?
One such policy was the introduction of the American system of education, and so pervasive and far-reaching was its impact and influence on the life and culture of the Filipino during and after the colonial period that it is generally regarded as the “greatest contribution” of American colonialism in the Philippines.
Was there slavery in the Philippines?
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Slavery was widespread in the Philippine islands before the archipelago was integrated into the Spanish Empire. Policies banning slavery that the Spanish crown established for its empire in the Americas were extended to its colony in the Philippines.
Why did Spain succeed in colonizing the Philippines?
Spain had three objectives in its policy toward the Philippines, its only colony in Asia: to acquire a share in the spice trade, to develop contacts with China and Japan in order to further Christian missionary efforts there, and to convert the Filipinos to Christianity.
What if the Philippines was never colonized by Spain?
If Philippines was not colonized by Spain the country would have been part of either China, Indonesia or Brunei or even the Kingdom of Sulu. The people of Indonesia, Brunei, China and sultanate were in the Philippines long before the Spanish invaded the country.
Who first settled the Philippines?
The Philippines were claimed in the name of Spain in 1521 by Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer sailing for Spain, who named the islands after King Philip II of Spain.
Did Japan colonized the Philippines?
Japan occupied the Philippines for over three years, until the surrender of Japan. A highly effective guerilla campaign by Philippine resistance forces controlled sixty percent of the islands, mostly jungle and mountain areas. … Around 500,000 Filipinos died during the Japanese Occupation Period.
Who named the Philippines?
The Philippines are named after King Philip II (1527-1598) of Spain. The country was discovered by the Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 (while in Spanish service).