However, base on previous researches, the risk to develop dengue infection (symptomatic) among travelers is considered to be around 1% per month . The majority of cases (more than 90%) will be mild, only small percentage of cases will develop severe disease [2,3,4]. Fatal dengue cases among travelers are rare.
How common is dengue fever in Thailand?
The Thailand Bureau of Epidemiology in an update Monday are now reporting 55,004 total cases (38,653 dengue fever, 15,917 dengue hemorrhagic fever and 434 dengue shock syndrome cases) in all 77 provinces. 38 dengue related fatalities have been reported.
When is dengue season in Thailand?
The rainy season in Thailand generally runs from June until October. Thailand reported a significant uptick in dengue fever infections in 2019, declaring an epidemic in July.
Can you get dengue fever in Bangkok?
Dengue is endemic in Thailand and risk is present in both urban and rural areas, with elevated risk in northeastern part of the country. Peak transmission typically occurs during the rainy season, from April to December.
Who is most at risk for dengue fever?
In hyperendemic areas in Asia, dengue fever (DF) and dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) affect mainly children under 15 years of age. The age distribution is different in the Americas where these syndromes occur in all age groups, although the majority of fatalities during epidemics occur in children.
What are the warning signs of dengue?
- Abdominal pain or tenderness.
- Persistent vomiting.
- Clinical fluid accumulation.
- Mucosal bleed.
- Lethargy or restlessness.
- Liver enlargement > 2 cm.
- Laboratory finding of increasing HCT concurrent with rapid decrease in platelet count.
WHO dengue strategy?
The goal of the global strategy is to reduce the burden of dengue. The specific objectives are to reduce mortality and morbidity from dengue by 2020 by at least 50% and 25% respectively (using 2010 as the baseline). These objectives can be achieved by applying existing knowledge.
What does a dengue rash look like?
A flat, red rash may appear over most of the body 2 to 5 days after the fever starts. A second rash, which looks like the measles, appears later in the disease. Infected people may have increased skin sensitivity and are very uncomfortable.
What should we do for dengue fever?
- See a healthcare provider if you develop a fever or have symptoms of dengue. …
- Rest as much as possible.
- Take acetaminophen (also known as paracetamol outside of the United States) to control fever and relieve pain. …
- Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated.
Is there a dengue vaccine?
In May 2019, Dengvaxia was approved in the United States as the first vaccine approved for the prevention of dengue disease caused by all dengue virus serotypes (1, 2, 3 and 4) in people ages nine through 16 who have laboratory-confirmed previous dengue infection and who live in endemic areas.
Where do Dengue rashes start?
Rash in dengue fever is a maculopapular or macular confluent rash over the face, thorax, and flexor surfaces, with islands of skin sparing. The rash typically begins on day 3 and persists 2-3 days.
Is there dengue in Thailand?
Background. Thailand is home to around 69 million individuals. Dengue is hyper-endemic and all 4 serotypes are in active circulation in the country. Dengue outbreaks occur almost annually within Thailand in at least one province but the spatio-temporal and environmental interface of these outbreaks has not been studied …
Is malaria in Thailand?
Around 45 percent of the population is at risk of contracting malaria. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 32 million people are at risk of being infected with malaria in Thailand. The country is filled with more than 46 million acres of thick jungle and rainforest.
Which organs are affected by dengue?
Based on the fact that the liver is one of the main organs affected by dengue35,36,37,38 and that lungs and heart are also important sites involved with the severe disease13,37,39,40,41, samples from all these three organs were considered.
Who is prone to dengue?
Anyone who lives in or travels to an area with risk of dengue is at risk for infection. Before you travel, find country-specific travel information to help you plan and pack. Forty percent of the world’s population, approximately 3 billion people, live in areas with risk of dengue.
What blood type is prone to dengue?
The present study suggests that blood group AB is associated with dengue disease when compared to the control group and was statistically significant, which was in concordance with the results of the study by Kalayanarooj et al., wherein blood group AB was a risk factor predisposing for severe dengue disease.