What is the differences between English and Indonesian phonological systems?

In English phonemes, there are two types of the vowel that usually used, they are “long monophthong phonemes” and “short monophthong phonemes”. While in Indonesia, there are no such long monophthong phonemes. It is the main problem caused English learners to get in trouble to pronouncing several words.

What are phonological differences?

Phonology is about patterns of sounds, especially different patterns of sounds in different languages, or within each language, different patterns of sounds in different positions in words etc.

What are phonological features in English?

 Phonological features are individual properties whose sum makes up the phoneme.  They, and not the phoneme, are the smallest and most basic units of phonological analysis.

How many types of phonology are there?

Phonetics is divided into three types according to the production (articulatory), transmission (acoustic) and perception (auditive) of sounds. Three categories of sounds must be recognised at the outset: phones (human sounds), phonemes (units which distinguish meaning in a language), allophones (non-distinctive units).

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Is English a phonemic?

English orthography is highly non-phonemic.

What is allophone and example?

The definition of an allophone is an alternative sound for a letter or group of letters in a word. … For example, the aspirated t of top, the unaspirated t of stop, and the tt (pronounced as a flap) of batter are allophones of the English phoneme /t/.

What are examples of morphology?

Other Aspects of Morphology

The word run, then, is a lexical morpheme. Other examples include table, kind, and jump. Another type is function morphemes, which indicate relationships within a language. Conjunctions, pronouns, demonstratives, articles, and prepositions are all function morphemes.

What are examples of phonological features?


  • Major class.
  • Laryngeal.
  • Manner.
  • Place.
  • Vowel space.
  • Sonority.
  • Protensity.
  • Tonality.

What are the 44 phonemes?

  • this, feather, then. …
  • /ng/ ng, n.
  • sing, monkey, sink. …
  • /sh/ sh, ss, ch, ti, ci.
  • ship, mission, chef, motion, special.
  • /ch/
  • ch, tch. chip, match.
  • /zh/

What are the examples of phonological?

3 Answers By Expert Tutors. An example of phonology is the study of different sounds and the way they come together to form speech and words – such as the comparison of the sounds of the two “p” sounds in “pop-up.” Being able to hear where in a word a certain consonant is found (ie.. beginning, middle, end).

What are the two types of phonology?

There are two main types of phonological processes- Whole Segment processes and Modification type processes.

What is Epenthesis example?

Definition: The insertion of a vowel to break up a cluster. … An example of this would be the word grow /grəʊ/ being realized as /gərəʊ/ where the schwa vowel /ə/ is inserted between the two consonants that form the initial /gr-/ cluster of the word. Once inserted, the vowel is referred to as the epenthetic vowel.

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What is the vowels in English?

A vowel is a syllabic speech sound pronounced without any stricture in the vocal tract. … In English, the word vowel is commonly used to refer both to vowel sounds and to the written symbols that represent them (a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y).

Why English is not spoken the way it is written?

Spoken English is generally dynamic, spontaneous and transient unless recorded and speakers can correct themselves by apologizing for a mistake. Written English is more complex, static and integrate than spoken language with longer sentences and many subordinate clauses. It has higher terms of lexical density.

What are the 12 vowel sounds in English?

There are 12 pure vowels or monophthongs in English – /i:/, /ɪ/, /ʊ/, /u:/, /e/, /ə/, /ɜ:/, /ɔ:/, /æ/, /ʌ/, /ɑ:/ and /ɒ/. The monophthongs can be really contrasted along with diphthongs in which the vowel quality changes.

Why is English pronunciation so irregular?

English spellings and pronunciation are so strange because the language is really a mix of lots of different languages. In fact, English is made up of words taken from Latin, Greek, French and German, as well as little bits and pieces of other local languages like Celtic and Gaelic.

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