What is the highest law in the Philippines?
The Constitution of the Philippines (Filipino: Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas or Konstitusyon ng Pilipinas, Spanish: Constitución de la República de Filipinas) is the constitution or supreme law of the Republic of the Philippines.
Is Philippines a civil law or common law?
The Philippine legal system is a mixture of customary usage, Roman (civil law) and Anglo-American (common law) systems, and Islamic law. The legal system is the result of the immigration of Muslim Malays in the fourteenth century and the subsequent colonisation of the islands by Spain and the United States.
What is the main source of civil law?
Civil law systems rely on written statutes and other legal codes that are constantly updated and which establish legal procedures, punishments, and what can and cannot be brought before a court.
What is the important features of the Philippine law?
Among the rights guaranteed by Article III are the following: 1) The right to due process, 2) the right to equal protection of the laws, 3) the right against unreasonable searches and seizures, 4) privacy of communication, 5) freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press, 6) the right to peaceably assemble and …
What is the rule of law in the Philippines?
The rule of law is a principle of governance in which all persons, institutions and entities, public and private, including the State itself, are accountable to laws that are publicly promulgated, equally enforced and independently adjudicated, and which are consistent with international human rights norms and …
What is RA 7610 in the Philippines?
Republic Act 7610: Special Protection of Children Against Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination Act. AN ACT PROVIDING FOR STRONGER DETERRENCE AND SPECIAL PROTECTION AGAINST CHILD ABUSE, EXPLOITATION AND DISCRIMINATION, PROVIDING PENALTIES FOR ITS VIOLATION AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
What is Republic Act 7877 of the Philippines?
AN ACT DECLARING SEXUAL HARASSMENT UNLAWFUL IN THE EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION OR TRAINING ENVIRONMENT, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
What are the two most common types of civil law cases?
The two most common types of civil cases involve contracts and torts. In deciding cases, courts apply statutes and legal precedent.
What are the 4 types of civil law?
Four of the most important types of civil law deal with 1) contracts, 2) property, 3) family relations, and 4) civil wrongs causing physical injury or injury to property (tort).
What does civil law mean?
(1) A generic term for all non-criminal law, usually relating to settling disputes between private citizens. (2) A body of laws and legal concepts derived from Roman law as opposed to English common law, which is the framework of most state legal systems.
What is an example of civil law?
Civil law deals with behavior that constitutes an injury to an individual or other private party, such as a corporation. Examples are defamation (including libel and slander), breach of contract, negligence resulting in injury or death, and property damage.
What is the difference between civil and common law?
The main difference between the two systems is that in common law countries, case law — in the form of published judicial opinions — is of primary importance, whereas in civil law systems, codified statutes predominate. … In fact, many countries use a mix of features from common and civil law systems.
What are the types of law in the Philippines?
- POLITICAL & INTERNATIONAL LAW.
- LABOR LAW.
- CIVIL LAW.
- TAXATION LAW.
- MERCANTILE/ COMMERCIAL LAW.
- CRIMINAL LAW.
- LEGAL ETHICS & PRACTICAL EXERCISES.
- REMEDIAL LAW.
What are the classification of law in the Philippines?
Public law includes constitutional law, administrative law, criminal law, process law, financial and tax law, and international public law. Private law includes civil law, commercial law, labor law, and international private law.
Why do we need law in our life?
Some rules and regulations need to be set to maintain justice and equality in society. … Now, we have proper law in our society which tells us how to interact with people within it. It accommodates people with different culture, background, and ethnicity and tells to live in harmony with each other.