The Philippine Sea is a marginal sea of the Western Pacific Ocean east of the Philippine archipelago (hence the name), occupying an estimated surface area of 5 million square kilometers (2×106 sq mi). The Philippine Sea Plate forms the floor of the sea.
What is in the West Philippine Sea?
The maritime areas on the western side of the Philippine archipelago are hereby named as the West Philippine Sea. These areas include the Luzon Sea as well as the waters around within the adjacent to the Kalayaan Island Group and Bajo de Masinloc, also known as Scarborough Shoal.
What is the meaning of West Philippine Sea?
The West Philippine Sea is the part of the sea on the west side of the Philippines in which maritime rights of the country extends. It has different maritime zones, each with special maritime rights exclusive to the Philippines.
What is the claim of China on West Philippine Sea *?
President, China has claimed “historic rights” in areas that are beyond 200 M from its mainland coasts, or any land feature over which it claims sovereignty, and within 200 M of the coasts of the Philippines’ main islands, and exploited the resources in these areas while preventing the Philippines from doing so.
Why is West Philippine Sea important?
The Philippine Sea is known as a hotspot and a center of marine biodiversity. The South China Sea, including the West Philippine Sea, accounts for 12% of the world’s annual fish catch, worth $21 billion. … The Kalayaan Islands area holds the key to the long-term sustainability of the Philippines’ marine resources.
Where is West Philippine Sea exactly located?
The area is located 124 nautical miles west of Zambales and is within the Republic’s 200 nautical-mile Exclusive Economic Zone and the Philippine Continental Shelf.
What is the basis of Philippines in claiming West Philippine Sea?
Historical/Legal Basis of Claims
The Philippines claims the Kalayaan Island Group on the assumption that after Japan renounced its title to the islands in the San Francisco Treaty of Peace of 1951, they reverted to being terra nullius because title was not explicitly passed to another state.
Who discovered West Philippine Sea?
The first European to navigate the Philippine Sea was Ferdinand Magellan in 1521, who named it Mar Filipinas when he and his men were in the Mariana Islands prior to the exploration of the Philippines. Later it was discovered by other Spanish explorers from 1522 to 1565.
How deep is the Philippine Sea?
What is the difference between the name South China Sea and the West Philippine Sea?
“West Philippine Sea” is the official designation by the Philippine government of eastern parts of the South China Sea that are included in the Philippines’ exclusive economic zone. The term is also sometimes incorrectly used to refer to the South China Sea as a whole.
When did China claim West Philippine Sea?
On 22 January 2013 the Philippines initiated international arbitration against the People’s Republic of China (China) regarding its territorial and maritime dispute in the South China Sea – known as the West Philippine Sea in Manila.
Why does China claim the Scarborough Shoal?
China reaffirmed its claim of sovereignty over the Zhongsha Islands in its 1992 Law on the territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone. China claims all the islands, reefs, and shoals within a U-shaped line in the South China Sea drawn in 1947 as its territory. Scarborough shoal lies within this area.
Does the West Philippine Sea belong to the Philippines?
The West Philippine Sea is the part of the South China Sea that belongs to the Philippines but China is claiming it as its own.
Is Philippines rich in oil?
Oil Reserves in the Philippines
The Philippines holds 138,500,000 barrels of proven oil reserves as of 2016, ranking 64th in the world and accounting for about 0.0% of the world’s total oil reserves of 1,650,585,140,000 barrels.
Is Philippines a country?
Philippines, island country of Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. It is an archipelago consisting of some 7,100 islands and islets lying about 500 miles (800 km) off the coast of Vietnam. Manila is the capital, but nearby Quezon City is the country’s most-populous city.