Possible mentions of Pulau Ujong, the name for the island of Singapore, may be found in Chinese works, and it was also referred to as Temasek in Malay and Javanese literature. Sometime in the 14th century the name was changed to Singapura, which is now rendered as Singapore in English.
What was Singapore called before 1965?
Singapore was known in the 13th to 14th century as Temasek, a name also recorded in Chinese sources as Dan Ma Xi, a country recorded as having two distinct settlements – Long Ya Men and Ban Zu. It changed its name to Singapura perhaps towards the end of 14th century.
Why Singapore is called Singapore?
However, the original legend was that a long time ago, a 14th century Sumatran prince spotted an auspicious beast upon landing on the island after a thunderstorm, which he was told was a ‘lion’. Thus, the name Singapore comes from the Malay words “Singa” for lion and “Pura” for city.
What was Singapore before it was Singapore?
Singapore, renamed Syonan-to (昭南島 Shōnan-tō, “Bright Southern Island” in Japanese), was occupied by the Japanese from 1942 to 1945.
Who were the original inhabitants of Singapore?
Representing the country’s second largest ethnic group, the Malays were the original settlers of Singapore. They made up 60.9 per cent of the total population of 10,683 in 1824.
Why is Singapore so rich?
Today, the Singapore economy is one of the most stable in the world, with no foreign debt, high government revenue and a consistently positive surplus. The Singapore economy is mainly driven by exports in electronics manufacturing and machinery, financial services, tourism, and the world’s busiest cargo seaport.
Who bought Singapore in 1819?
Signing the 1819 Treaty – On 6 February, 1819, a treaty was signed between Sir Stamford Raffles, Temenggong Abdul Rahman and Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor, allowing the British East India Company (EIC) to set up a trading post in Singapore.
What is Singapore’s nickname?
Some historians questions the credibility of the Malay Annals and offer a less romantic etymology, suggesting that the name “Singapore” comes from the words ‘singhha’, meaning stopover, and ‘pura’, meaning city. Nonetheless, we now know what lies behind Singapore’s widely-known nickname of the Lion City.
Is Singapore a 1st world country?
The country’s economic infrastructure was developed, racial tension was eliminated and an independent national defence system was created. Singapore evolved from a dying nation to first world status towards the end of the 20th century. In 1990, Goh Chok Tong succeeded Lee as Prime Minister.
What Singapore is famous for?
11 Things Singapore is Famous For
- Being super clean. …
- Greenery amidst the city. …
- That ban on chewing gum. …
- The Marina Bay Skyline. …
- Fines and corporal punishment. …
- Inventing the Singapore Sling. …
- Year round summer (and stickiness) …
- The land of shopping malls.
Why did Malaysia kick out Singapore?
On 9 August 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent and sovereign state. The separation was the result of deep political and economic differences between the ruling parties of Singapore and Malaysia, which created communal tensions that resulted in racial riots in July and September 1964.
Why did Britain give up Singapore?
In November 1967, the British were forced to devalue the pound due to mounting economic problems. This led to deep cuts to its government budget, and it became increasingly clear that the British government could no longer uphold its military commitment in Southeast Asia.
What is the old name of Singapore?
Sometime in the 14th century the name was changed to Singapura, which is now rendered as Singapore in English. Singapura means “Lion City” in Sanskrit, and Sang Nila Utama is usually credited with naming the city, although its actual origin is uncertain.
Are Singaporeans from China?
Singapore is a multilingual and multicultural society home to people of groups of many different ethnic, religious, and national origins, with the majority of the population made up of Chinese, Malay, Indian and Eurasian descent.
Why are Singaporeans Chinese?
Singaporeans of Chinese descent are generally the descendants of non-indentured and indentured immigrants from southern China during the 19th and first half of the 20th century. The 1990s and early 21st century saw Singapore experience a third wave of immigration from different parts of China.
Are Singaporeans Chinese?
Singapore is a multiracial and multicultural country with ethnic Chinese (76.2% of the citizen population), Malays (15.0%), and ethnic Indians (7.4%). Chinese Singaporeans make up the majority of the population. There are also Eurasians in Singapore. The Malays are recognised as the indigenous community.