|Union of Burma ပြည်ထောင်စု မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် Pyidaunzu Myăma Nainngandaw|
|• 1948–1952 (first)||Sao Shwe Thaik|
|• 1957–1962 (last)||Win Maung|
Who ruled Myanmar until 1948?
The British East India Company seized control of the administration of Myanmar after three Anglo-Burmese Wars in the 19th century, and the country became a British colony. After a brief Japanese occupation, Myanmar was reconquered by the Allies and granted independence in 1948.
Who did Myanmar gain independence from in 1948?
The Burmese Declaration of Independence (Burmese: လွတ်လပ်ရေးကြေညာစာတမ်း) was officially promulgated on 4 January 1948, as a result of the Burma Independence Act 1947, which brought to an end British rule in Burma (now known as Myanmar). The date is now celebrated as Independence Day, a national gazetted holiday.
Who rules Myanmar now?
|State Counsellor||Aung San Su Kyi||5 February 2021|
|President||Win Myint||30 March 2018|
|Vice-President||Myint Swe||30 March 2016|
Who ruled Myanmar before independence?
British rule in Burma lasted from 1824 to 1948, from the successive three Anglo-Burmese wars through the creation of Burma as a Province of British India to the establishment of an independently administered colony, and finally independence. The region under British control was known as British Burma.
Why is Myanmar so poor?
Due to this, Burma remains a poor country with no improvement of living standards for the majority of the population over the past decade. The main causes for continued sluggish growth are poor government planning, internal unrest, minimal foreign investment and the large trade deficit.
Is Myanmar a rich or poor country?
Myanmar is Asia’s seventh-poorest country. Myanmar’s per capita GDP is $1,207, just above Cambodia’s. About 26% of the population lives in poverty, and poverty is twice as high in rural areas, where about 70% of the population lives.
What did Myanmar used to be called?
The official English name was changed by the country’s government from the “Union of Burma” to the “Union of Myanmar” in 1989, and still later to the “Republic of the Union of Myanmar”.
Why Burma was separated from India?
Nonetheless, Burma was separated from the rest of India in 1937 with little opposition from Indian nationalist leaders agitating for independence from Britain, as they were concerned primarily with obtaining independence for the historical region of India itself.
Who is known as father of Myanmar?
Aung San is the founder of the Myanmar Armed Forces, and is considered the Father of the Nation of modern-day Myanmar. He was instrumental in Burma’s independence from British rule, but was assassinated just six months before his goal was realized.
Is Myanmar Indian?
India and Myanmar share a long land border of over 1600 km and a maritime boundary in the Bay of Bengal. A large population of Indian origin (according to some estimates about 2.5 million) lives in Myanmar. India and Myanmar signed a Treaty of Friendship in 1951.
Is Myanmar safe?
In general, most of Myanmar is considered perfectly safe. And while certain parts of the country are still experiencing political turmoil, there have been no reports of tourist-related violence in and around the main attractions (which are a considerable distance away from the regions currently experiencing conflict).
What religions are in Myanmar?
Religion is an essential aspect of life in Myanmar and central to conceptions of personal identity. Most of the Burmese population identify as Buddhist (87.9%). However, there are also significant minorities of Christians (6.2%) and Muslims (4.3%), as well as some Animists (0.8%) and Hindus (0.5%).
Why did the British want Burma?
In the early 1800s, the British government, motivated by profit and security, marched into the Southeast Asian nation of Burma, also known today as Myanmar. A Buddhist country rich in natural resources, Burma was an expansionist power that bordered India, one of Great Britain’s most prized colonies.
What is Myanmar famous for?
Myanmar, the official name of the Southeast Asian nation commonly known as Burma is a must-visit destination for travelers who like beaches and Buddha. This beautiful country is dotted with thousands of Buddhist temples. Besides, it has serene white beaches along the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal.
Under which act Burma was separated from India?
The Government of Burma Act 1935 confirmed that separation would occur on April 1, 1937, ending 51 years of the country being ruled as a province of India.