How does Thailand’s climate affect its food?

Rice has long been Thailand’s traditional food crop and the country’s main export product. … The unpredictability of conditions that affect rice growing — such as rainfall distribution, temperature levels and increasing types and occurrences of pests and diseases — will intensify in the years ahead due to climate change.

How does the climate affect Thailand’s food?

Thailand is exceptionally vulnerable to small changes in climate: slightly warmer surface temperatures will destroy the rice crops that feed the population and bolster the economy, and a few centimeters of sea level rise will submerge the capital city and devastate coastal tourism.

How does climate change affect food?

Climate change can disrupt food availability, reduce access to food, and affect food quality. For example, projected increases in temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, changes in extreme weather events, and reductions in water availability may all result in reduced agricultural productivity.

What were the factors hindering food production in North East Thailand?

It is true that Northeast Thailand is a relatively poor region because its rain-fed rice farming is so unproductive. Yields are low and unstable due to the poor resource base (infertile sandy soils, very limited availability of surface water) and unfavorable environmental conditions (limited and erratic rainfall).

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Why is climate important to food production?

Agriculture and fisheries are highly dependent on the climate. Increases in temperature and carbon dioxide (CO2) can increase some crop yields in some places. … Overall, climate change could make it more difficult to grow crops, raise animals, and catch fish in the same ways and same places as we have done in the past.

Why is Bangkok sinking?

The sinking of the city is mostly driven by the sheer weight of the built-up urbanisation, as well as uncontrolled groundwater extraction. … Between climate change and land subsidence, the Thai National Reform Council predicts that the city of Bangkok could be under water in less than 15 years.

Why is the air quality so bad in Thailand?

Contributors to poor air quality in Thailand include power generation from coal, the manufacturing, refining, and mining industries, vehicle emissions, and waste burning. Seasonal variations exist, with high levels of air pollution in the dry season (January to April).

What are 5 effects of climate change?

Increased heat, drought and insect outbreaks, all linked to climate change, have increased wildfires. Declining water supplies, reduced agricultural yields, health impacts in cities due to heat, and flooding and erosion in coastal areas are additional concerns.

How will climate change affect us?

Human health is vulnerable to climate change. The changing environment is expected to cause more heat stress, an increase in waterborne diseases, poor air quality, and diseases transmitted by insects and rodents. Extreme weather events can compound many of these health threats.

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How is climate change a threat to food security?

A hotter climate will increase rates of evaporation and transpiration, so that irrigated crops will require more water. Combined with reduced precipitation in some areas, this will exacerbate water demand and put pressure on farmers. Rising temperatures will also alter patterns of migration for many pests and diseases.

Is Thailand rich in resources?

Thailand is a country rich in natural resources, which have played a significant role in supporting local livelihoods and driving economic growth. Forests, watersheds, marine environments, and mineral resources have all been instrumental in supporting the Thai manufacturing, export, and tourism industries.

What is Thailand’s main export?

The top ten export items were machinery including computers: $40.2 billion (16.4% of total exports), electrical machinery, equipment: $33.9 billion (13.8%), vehicles: $28.9 billion (11.8%), gems, precious metals: $15.7 billion (6.4%), rubber, rubber articles: $15.3 billion (6.3%), plastics, plastic articles: $13.3 …

What religion is in Thailand?

Religion. The vast majority of people in Thailand are adherents of Buddhism. The Theravada tradition of Buddhism came to Thailand from Sri Lanka and is shared by peoples in Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, and parts of southern China and southern Vietnam. The community of monks (sangha) is central to this tradition.

How does temperature affect food production?

Adapting wheat and sorghum cropping in Australia

Increased temperatures may change the locations where crops can be grown, and elevated CO2 levels could affect crop growth and grain yield. … However, increases like these are dependent on wheat variety, sowing time and irrigation.

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