Indonesia prohibits blasphemy by its Criminal Code. The Code’s Article 156(a) targets those who deliberately, in public, express feelings of hostility, hatred, or contempt against religions with the purpose of preventing others from adhering to any religion, and targets those who disgrace a religion.
In what countries is blasphemy illegal?
In criminal justice matters, these jurisdictions are England and Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. Blasphemy laws dating back to the medieval times were abolished in England and Wales in 2008 and Scotland in 2021. Equivalent laws remain in Northern Ireland but have not been used for many years.
Is religious conversion legal in Indonesia?
The Indonesian constitution provides some degree of freedom of religion. The government generally respects religious freedom for the six officially recognized religions: Islam, Protestantism, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.
Is apostasy illegal in Indonesia?
Indonesia does not have a law against apostasy, and the constitution provides for freedom of religion, accords “all persons shall be free to choose and to practice the religion of his/her choice”.
How many non Muslims are in Indonesia?
The non-official number of ethnic believers is up to 20 million. The government often views indigenous beliefs as kepercayaan adat (custom) rather than agama (religion) or as a variant of a recognised religion.
Is blasphemy an insult?
Blasphemy is an insult that shows contempt, disrespect or lack of reverence concerning a deity, a sacred object or something considered inviolable.
Is blasphemy legal in USA?
While there are no federal laws which forbid “religious vilification” or “religious insult” or “hate speech”, some states have blasphemy statutes. …
Is Indonesia a Hindu country?
Hinduism in Indonesia, as of the 2018 census, is practised by about 1.74% of the total population, and almost 87% of the population in Bali. Hinduism is one of the six official religions of Indonesia.
Official Census (2018)
|Province (2018 Cen.)||Indonesia|
Is it illegal to be an atheist in Indonesia?
“Although legally there aren’t any laws that prohibit atheism in Indonesia, there are so many loopholes used to persecute us here, such as the defamation article [for slander and libel] and the first principle of pancasila,” he says, referring to one of Indonesia’s five overarching philosophical principles: a belief in …
Is Christianity growing in Indonesia?
Indonesia has one of the largest concentrations of Christianity in the Muslim world. In recent times, the rate of growth and spread of Christianity has increased especially among the Chinese minority, especially among the educated.
Can apostasy in Christianity be forgiven?
Hebrews 6:4–6; 10:26–31), the Shepherd of Hermas affirms that apostates may be forgiven while a gap of time remains before the final eschaton. A refusal to respond to this offer will result in final condemnation.
What countries punish apostasy?
The countries surveyed that expressly make apostasy a capital offense are Afghanistan, Brunei, Mauritania, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. However, only a small number of cases showing the application of these capital punishment laws were identified.
What is the punishment for apostasy?
According to some scholars, if a Muslim consciously and without coercion declares their rejection of Islam and does not change their mind after the time allocated by a judge for research, then the penalty for apostasy is; for males, death, and for females, life imprisonment.
Is Indonesia Sunni or Shia?
Indonesia is the world’s most populous Muslim nation but the majority of the country’s Muslims are Sunnis. Being a Shia is not illegal in Indonesia, but religious minorities have complained that they are increasingly becoming the victims of violent crimes that often go unpunished.
Which country has the most Muslims?
The largest Muslim population in a country is in Indonesia, a country home to 12.7% of the world’s Muslims, followed by Pakistan (11.1%), India (10.9%) and Bangladesh (9.2%). About 20% of Muslims live in the Arab world.
Why did Islam spread in Indonesia?
The spread of Islam was initially driven by increasing trade links outside of the archipelago. Traders and the royalty of major kingdoms were usually the first to convert to Islam. Dominant kingdoms included Mataram in Central Java, and the sultanates of Ternate and Tidore in the Maluku Islands to the east.