Law of Vietnam is based on communist legal theory and French civil law. In 1981 major reforms were made to the judicial and legal system.
What kind of legal system does Vietnam have?
Vietnam has a two tier court system, including courts of first instances and courts of appeal. The judgments are then susceptible to further reviews under special circumstances. The court system consists of the Supreme Court, the provincial People’s Courts and the district People’s Courts.
Which countries use civil law?
France and Germany are two examples of countries with a civil law system. Common law systems, while they often have statutes, rely more on precedent, judicial decisions that have already been made. Common law systems are adversarial, rather than investigatory, with the judge moderating between two opposing parties.
Who decides which laws are made in Vietnam?
The National Assembly is the highest-level representative body of the people; the highest organ of state power of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam; the National Assembly exercises three main functions: to legislate, to decide on important national issues, to exercise supreme supervision over all activities of the …
What are examples of civil law?
Civil law deals with behavior that constitutes an injury to an individual or other private party, such as a corporation. Examples are defamation (including libel and slander), breach of contract, negligence resulting in injury or death, and property damage.
What drugs are illegal in Vietnam?
Although Vietnam has some of the world’s most stringent drug laws — those convicted of possessing or smuggling more than 600 grams of heroin or more than 2.5 kilograms of methamphetamine face death – the country has also been facing the existence of a key smuggling and trafficking hub for illegal drugs around the …
What civil law means?
(1) A generic term for all non-criminal law, usually relating to settling disputes between private citizens. (2) A body of laws and legal concepts derived from Roman law as opposed to English common law, which is the framework of most state legal systems.
What are the 4 types of civil law?
Four of the most important types of civil law deal with 1) contracts, 2) property, 3) family relations, and 4) civil wrongs causing physical injury or injury to property (tort).
What are the two most common types of civil law cases?
The two most common types of civil cases involve contracts and torts. In deciding cases, courts apply statutes and legal precedent.
What are the main features of civil law?
1) Civil Laws are a codified set of legal rules. 2) The codified Law bears a binding for all. There is little scope for judge-made law in civil courts.
Who holds the most power in Vietnam?
The politics of Vietnam are defined by a single-party socialist republic framework, where the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam is the Party leader and head of the Politburo, holding the highest position in the one-party system.
Is Vietnam still communist?
Government of Vietnam
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a one-party state. A new state constitution was approved in April 1992, replacing the 1975 version. The central role of the Communist Party was reasserted in all organs of government, politics and society.
What’s the major religion in Vietnam?
The government census of 2019 shows that Catholicism, for the first time, is the largest religious denomination in Vietnam, surpassing Buddhism. Ecclesiastical sources report there are about 7 million Catholics, representing 7.0% of the total population.
What are the three most common types of civil cases?
These are some of the most common types of cases to appear in civil court.
- Contract Disputes. Contract disputes occur when one or more parties who signed a contract cannot or will not fulfill their obligations. …
- Property Disputes. …
- Torts. …
- Class Action Cases. …
- Complaints Against the City.
What is the aim and purpose of civil law?
Civil law aims to deal with disputes between individuals or organisations. Civil law cases usually (but not always) involve compensation or an agreement or judgement relating to finances. Civil law cases are filed by private parties, while criminal cases are usually filed by the government.
What is the difference between civil law and common law?
The main difference between the two systems is that in common law countries, case law — in the form of published judicial opinions — is of primary importance, whereas in civil law systems, codified statutes predominate. … In fact, many countries use a mix of features from common and civil law systems.