Straddling the equator, this exotic archipelago encompasses myriad landforms, such as lowlands, mountains and volcanoes. The four largest landmasses are Borneo, Sumatra, New Guinea and Java.
What is the land form of Indonesia?
There are tropical rainforests and jungles, as well as swampy mangrove areas. Indonesia’s most fertile land is on the island of Java. Indonesia is a vast equatorial archipeago of 17,000 islands extending 5,150 kilometers (3,200 miles) east to west, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans in Southeast Asia.
What are major landforms?
Mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains are the four major types of landforms. Minor landforms include buttes, canyons, valleys, and basins.
What are the major bodies of water in Indonesia?
Indonesia forms a natural barrier between the Indian Ocean to the south and west, the open Pacific Ocean to the northeast, and the South China Sea to the north.
Does Indonesia have plains?
The coastal plains averaging 28 °C (82.4 °F), the inland and mountain areas averaging 26 °C (78.8 °F), and the higher mountain regions, 23 °C (73.4 °F). … However, cooler climate types do exist in mountainous regions of Indonesia 1,300–1,500 metres above sea level.
What is the old name of Indonesia?
Short Form: Indonesia. Former Names: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies.
What Indonesia is famous for?
20 Things Indonesia is famous for
- 1) Bali.
- ️ 2) Raja Ampat.
- 3) Borobudur and Prambanan temples.
- 4) Komodo dragon island.
- 5) See orangutans in the wild.
- 6) Nasi Goreng (Fried Rice)
- ️ 7) Rica-rica.
- ♀️ Indonesian locals are very friendly.
What are the most famous landforms?
Important Landforms in the U.S.
- Appalachian Mountains. The Appalachian Mountains may be some of the oldest mountains on earth. …
- Rocky Mountains. …
- Great Salt Lake. …
- Grand Canyon. …
- Great Plains. …
- Mississippi River. …
- Mojave Desert & Death Valley.
What are the 5 types of landforms?
Landforms include hills, mountains, plateaus, canyons, and valleys, as well as shoreline features such as bays, peninsulas, and seas, including submerged features such as mid-ocean ridges, volcanoes, and the great ocean basins.
What are the 7 landforms?
Following are some of the common types of landforms and their characteristics.
- Mountains. Mountains are landforms higher than the surrounding areas. …
- Plateaus. Plateaus are flat highlands that are separated from the surroundings due to steep slopes. …
- Valleys. …
- Deserts. …
- Dunes. …
- Islands. …
- Plains. …
What is the major religion in Indonesia?
In the latest population census data, 87 percent of Indonesians declared themselves to be Muslim, followed by 9.87 percent who were Christian. The Indonesian constitution guarantees religious freedom, and officially recognizes Islam, Protestantism, Catholicism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Confucianism.
What is the biggest lake in Indonesia?
The largest lake, by both area and volume, is Lake Toba in Sumatra. It holds 240 km³ of freshwater, and is the largest lake body in Southeast Asia. Indonesia has 3 of the 20 deepest lakes in the world – Lake Matano in Sulawesi (590 m), Lake Toba in Sumatra (505 m), and Lake Poso in Sulawesi (450 m).
How many active volcanoes are there in Indonesia?
Indonesia has a great number of volcanoes in the world. There are 147 volcanoes, and 76 of them are the active volcanoes and spread along the islands of Sumatra, Java, Celebes, and Lesser Sunda (Figure 1).
What is the main culture of Indonesia?
Indonesia is centrally-located along ancient trading routes between the Far East, South Asia and the Middle East, resulting in many cultural practices being strongly influenced by a multitude of religions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, and Islam, all strong in the major trading cities.
Is Borneo a part of Indonesia?
Borneo is the world’s third-largest island and the largest island of Asia. It is part of the Indonesian archipelago. Borneo is surrounded by the Java Sea to its south, the Celebes Sea on its east, and the South China Sea to its north.
Is Indonesia a safe country?
OVERALL RISK : MEDIUM. Indonesia is mostly a safe country to travel to, though it still has its dangers from natural disasters to terrorism and petty theft. Be very cautious on the streets of Indonesia and plan your trip carefully.