French Indochina was the collective name for the French colonial regions of Southeast Asia from colonization in 1887 to independence and the subsequent Vietnam Wars of the mid-1900s. … Today, the same region is divided into the nations of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia.
What is Indochina called today?
The term was later adopted as the name of the colony of French Indochina (today’s Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos), and the entire area of Indochina is now usually referred to as the Indochinese Peninsula or Mainland Southeast Asia.
What countries make up French Indochina?
Indochina, also called (until 1950) French Indochina or French Indochine Française, the three countries of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia formerly associated with France, first within its empire and later within the French Union.
Why is it called French Indochina?
In the process, the French replaced local leaders with their nationals — by 1925, a bureaucracy of some 5,000 Frenchmen ruled over a country totaling 30,000,000. In time, France had extended its control to encompass Laos, North and South Vietnam, and Cambodia, which they called French Indochina.
Is the term Indochina still used?
It includes the countries of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. … The term was later adopted as the name of the colony of French Indochina (today’s Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos).
What is the richest country in Southeast Asia?
South East Asia (SEA)
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Why Vietnamese are French?
The decision to invade Vietnam was made by Napoleon III in July 1857. It was the result not only of missionary propaganda but also, after 1850, of the upsurge of French capitalism, which generated the need for overseas markets and the desire for a larger French share of the Asian territories conquered by the West.
Who ruled Vietnam before the French?
In its early history, northern Vietnam was colonised by China’s Han dynasty. They ruled it as a southern province of China and imposed Chinese language, law, culture and values on the Viet people. 4.
Are there still French plantations in Vietnam?
During the following ‘American War’, many French were still living in South Vietnam, mostly in Saigon and around the towns of Vung Tau, Nha Trang and Da Lat. It is said that at least 17,000 of them were still living in the country as of 1967.
Why did the French leave Vietnam?
In July 1954, after one hundred years of colonial rule, a defeated France was forced to leave Vietnam. … This decisive battle convinced the French that they could no longer maintain their Indochinese colonies and Paris quickly sued for peace.
How did Vietnam defeat the French?
Beginning in 1949, the Viet Minh fought an increasingly effective guerrilla war against France with military and economic assistance from newly Communist China. … In November 1953, the French, weary of jungle warfare, occupied Dien Bien Phu, a small mountain outpost on the Vietnamese border near Laos.
What were the French doing in Vietnam?
Beginning in the 1930s, France began to exploit the region for its natural resources and to economically diversify the colony. Cochinchina, Annam and Tonkin (encompassing modern-day Vietnam) became a source of tea, rice, coffee, pepper, coal, zinc and tin, while Cambodia became a centre for rice and pepper crops.
What was the war in Vietnam over?
The Vietnam War pitted communist North Vietnam and the Viet Cong against South Vietnam and the United States. The war ended when U.S. forces withdrew in 1973 and Vietnam unified under Communist control two years later.
Is Singapore part of Indochina?
Mainland Southeast Asia is divided into the countries of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Vietnam, and the small city-state of Singapore at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula; Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, which occupy the eastern portion of the mainland, often are collectively called the Indochinese …
Why was Hanoi such an important symbol for the French colonial empire?
Indeed, the colonial project turned the colonial city itself into a monument symbolizing the virtues France was supposedly bestowing upon the colonized peoples. 2 In the Southeast Asian ensemble of colonies, Hanoi—the capital of Indochina— came to be the symbol of the French colonial project.
What is Southeast Asia called?
In contemporary definition, Southeast Asia consists of two geographic regions: Mainland Southeast Asia, also known as the Indochinese Peninsula and historically as Indochina, comprising Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam.