The Labor Code of the Philippines is a legal code that determines all employment practices and labor relations in the Philippines. This is to help protect employees and employers- while ensuring that neither is subject to unfair treatment or exploitation.
Why is a Labor Code important?
The Labor Code provides for and regulates the creation of legitimate labour organisations, or unions or associations of employees in the private sector that exist in whole or in part for the purpose of collective bargaining, mutual aid, interest, cooperation, protection or other lawful purposes.
What is its significance or importance to the Labor Code and the society?
Labor laws such as the National Labor Relations Act are important because they give peace of mind to both union and nonunion workers. The NLRA protects the rights of employees to act collectively — not to join collectively — to voice their concerns about wages, benefits and working conditions.
What are the important labor laws in the Philippines?
It prescribes the rules for hiring and termination of private employees; the conditions of work including maximum work hours and overtime; employee benefits such as holiday pay, thirteenth month pay and retirement pay; and the guidelines in the organization and membership in labor unions as well as in collective …
Why are Labour laws important in the workplace?
Not only do these laws offer protection to both the employee and employer, but these laws also ensure that employees receive their fair wage, ensure job security, regulate breaks and work hours, minimise labour unrest, promote better working conditions, provide compensation to employees who are victims of accidents, …
What is an example of a labor law?
Labor law can also refer to the set of standards for working conditions and wage laws. These laws, such as the Fair Labor Standards Act, prohibits child labor, and sets a minimum wage.
What are the three basic rights of workers?
You have three basic rights: the right to refuse dangerous work and know that you’re protected from reprisal. the right to know about workplace hazards and have access to basic health and safety information. the right to participate in health and safety discussions and health and safety committees.
What is the purpose of labor laws answers?
Its purpose is to breathe life into the protection-to-labor clause of the Constitution (Section 3, Article XIII, 1987 Constitution) by affording protection to labor, promoting full employment, ensuring equal work opportunities regardless of sex, race or creed, regulating the relations between workers and employers and …
Why is it important to know the rules and expectations in your workplace?
Communicating work rules so that employees understand what is expected of them is crucial. … In addition, effectively communicating your policies or standards is important not only because it helps employees understand the rules, but documented communication of those rules makes it easier to enforce them, if necessary.
What are the common labor problems in the Philippines?
Inhumane practices of employers include failure to implement wages and compensations as prescribed by law, sexual harassments, physical abuses, illegal dismissals, and other problems emanating from poor working conditions. Two conditions underscore the absence of job security in the Philippine work force.
What is illegal dismissal in the Philippines?
Illegal dismissal is the termination of employment or separation from employment without complying with due process of law. Illegal dismissal may result in reinstatement, full backwages, moral damages, exemplary damages, nominal damages, and attorney’s fees.
What are the labor problems in the Philippines?
Unemployment and underemployment are the Philippines’ most important problems and the key indicators of the weaknesses of the economy. Today, around 4 million workers (about 12% of the labor force) are unemployed and another 5 million (around 17% of those employed) are underemployed.
Why is it important to protect the rights of workers?
Workers’ rights are human rights, and we have a moral and legal obligation to protect them. … This means that workers’ rights, such as freedom of association, the right to strike, the prohibition of slavery, servitude, forced and compulsory labour, and the right to fair and just working conditions, are vital.
How do labor laws protect employers?
Employment laws were put in place to protect workers from wrongdoing by their employers. Without those statutes, workers would be vulnerable to a number of threats. The key employment laws include discrimination, minimum wage, and workplace safety and health laws, as well as workers’ compensation and child labor laws.
What are the basic rights of the workers under the Constitution?
Workers’ rights encompass a large array of human rights from the right to decent work and freedom of association to equal opportunity and protection against discrimination. Specific rights related to the workplace include health and safety in the workplace and the right to privacy at work, amongst many others.