In the Northern region of Vietnam around Hanoi, there is evidence of arsenic contamination in the drinking water. About 7 million people living in this area have a severe risk of arsenic poisoning and since elevated levels of arsenic can cause cancer, neurological and skin problems, this is a serious issue.
What is the main water crisis?
The water crisis is a health crisis. Nearly 1 million people die each year from water, sanitation and hygiene-related diseases which could be reduced with access to safe water or sanitation. Every 2 minutes a child dies from a water-related disease.
What are the main causes of water crisis?
Major Causes of Water Crisis
- Water Pollution. Most of the sources of water in rural areas are terribly polluted due to poor sanitation and lack of waste treatment plants. …
- Groundwater over drafting. …
- Overuse and misuse of water. …
- Disease. …
- Climate change. …
- Mismanagement. …
- Human settlements. …
What is the main source of drinking water in Vietnam?
Vietnam’s primary water supply is sourced from surface flows captured by rivers and aquifers. The two largest of these flows come from the Red River and Mekong river, which are known locally as the Hong River and Cuu Long River, respectively.
What causes water pollution in Vietnam?
Arsenic contamination in water has also been a threat to the entire nation. Untreated industrial waste is the primary cause of poor water quality in Vietnam, as fifty industrial zones discharge 105 million liters of largely untreated wastewater into the Saigon every day.
What can lack of water cause?
Water also contributes to regular bowel function, optimal muscle performance, and clear, youthful-looking skin. However, failing to drink enough water can cause dehydration and adverse symptoms, including fatigue, headache, weakened immunity, and dry skin.
How bad is the water crisis?
Fast facts: Global water crisis
785 million people lack access to clean water. That’s one in 10 people on the planet. Women and girls spend an estimated 200 million hours hauling water every day. The average woman in rural Africa walks 6 kilometers every day to haul 40 pounds of water.
What are the ways to deal with water shortage?
What is your top solution for the water crisis?
- New Conservation Technologies.
- Recycle Wastewater.
- Improve Irrigation and Agriculture Water Use.
- Water Pricing.
- Energy Efficient Desal Plants.
- Rain Water Harvesting.
- Community Governance and Partnerships.
What is the solution of water crisis?
Rainwater harvesting and recycled wastewater also allow to reduce scarcity and ease pressures on groundwater and other natural water bodies. Groundwater recharge, that allows water moving from surface water to groundwater, is a well-known process to prevent water scarcity.
Is water in Vietnam safe?
Drinking tap water generally isn’t recommended in Vietnam. Water contaminated with pathogenic organisms is a major source of sickness and can lead to traveller’s experiencing diarrhoea, gastroenteritis, typhoid, cholera, giardia, dysentery and hepatitis A.
What percentage of Vietnam has electricity?
Access to electricity (% of population) in Vietnam was reported at 99.4 % in 2019, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources.
Does Vietnam get cold?
Hanoi and North Vietnam has a distinct winter and summer season. The cool but mostly dry winter lasts from November to April when temperatures average 17-22°C with the coldest months being January – March. Summer lasts from May to October when it is hot and humid and the region experiences its highest rainfall.
How clean is water in Vietnam?
Water supply and sanitation in Vietnam
|Vietnam: Water and Sanitation|
|Access to an improved water source||98% (2015)|
|Continuity of supply||21.6 hours per day on average in 68 cities (2009), often at low pressure|
|Average urban water use (liter/capita/day)||50 (2004 in small towns), 80−130 (2009 in towns and cities)|
Is Vietnam very polluted?
Vietnam is struggling with alarming air pollution. Its two biggest cities, Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, are now among the top 15 polluted cities in Southeast Asia. Fine particulate matter (PM2. 5) is the most concerning air pollutant in Vietnam.
How bad is pollution in Vietnam?
Air pollution leads people to be exposed to fine particles in polluted air that penetrate deep into the lungs and cardiovascular system, causing diseases including stroke, heart disease, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and respiratory infections.