Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnamese Thanh Pho Ho Chi Minh, formerly (until 1976) Saigon, largest city in Vietnam. It was the capital of the French protectorate of Cochinchina (1862–1954) and of South Vietnam (1954–75).
What is Saigon called today?
The current official name, Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh, adopted in 1976 and abbreviated TP. HCM, is translated as Ho Chi Minh City, abbreviated HCMC, and in French as Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville (the circumflex is sometimes omitted), abbreviated HCMV.
Why did Saigon change its name?
In 1975, the North of Vietnam won the war and changed the name of Saigon to Ho Chi Minh City, in honour of the prime minister, a revolutionary leader of the communist party. The name change was not voluntary on the part of those living in the South; it was a statement of the North’s success.
Is it Ho Chi Minh City or Saigon?
Officially, the southern metropolis’s name is Ho Chi Minh City, and has been for many years, but there are still a number of locals and visitors alike that call it Saigon. The importance of these two differing titles goes back to the Vietnam War, which ended not so long ago in 1975.
What kind of city is Saigon Vietnam?
Ho Chi Minh City is commonly known as Saigon or by the abbreviation HCMC. Although it is not the capital of Vietnam, it is the largest city in Vietnam and it was the capital of the former Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam).
Why did Kim die in Miss Saigon?
Later Chris returns to Saigon, but as a married man to a white American woman. … When Kim discovers Chris is married, she decides to kill herself so that Chris can take their son to the States where he will live a better life.
What does Saigon mean in English?
• SAIGON (noun) Meaning: A city in South Vietnam; formerly (as Saigon) it was the capital of French Indochina. Classified under: Nouns denoting spatial position.
What is Saigon known for?
Ho Chi Minh City (also still called Saigon) is famous for its pho (traditional Vietnamese noodle soup) and pork rolls. Often the best places are shops and stalls named after family members, such as “Aunty” or “Chi” (meaning sister) followed by a number representing their order in the family and, finally, their name.
How many Viet Cong died?
Total number of deaths
|Low estimate of deaths||High estimate of deaths|
|North Vietnam/Viet Cong military and civilian war dead||533,000||1,489,000|
|South Vietnam/U.S./South Korea war military and civilian war dead||429,000||1,119,000|
|Democide by North Vietnam/Viet Cong||131,000||302,000|
|Democide by South Vietnam||57,000||284,000|
Is Vietnam still communist?
Government of Vietnam
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a one-party state. A new state constitution was approved in April 1992, replacing the 1975 version. The central role of the Communist Party was reasserted in all organs of government, politics and society.
What started the Vietnam War?
The conflict in Vietnam took root during an independence movement against French colonial rule and evolved into a Cold War confrontation. The Vietnam War (1955-1975) was fought between communist North Vietnam, backed by the Soviet Union and China, and South Vietnam, supported by the United States.
Is Ho Chi Minh dead?
What happened Saigon?
The South Vietnamese stronghold of Saigon (now known as Ho Chi Minh City) falls to People’s Army of Vietnam and the Viet Cong on April 30, 1975. The South Vietnamese forces had collapsed under the rapid advancement of the North Vietnamese.
What was the old name for Vietnam?
Names of Vietnam
|1887–1954||Đông Pháp (Bắc Kỳ, Trung Kỳ, Nam Kỳ)|
|from 1945||Việt Nam|
|History of Vietnam|
Is Saigon communist?
In spite of this, a 1961 US intelligence estimate reported that “one-half of the entire rural region south and southwest of Saigon, as well as some areas to the north, are under considerable Communist control.
What is the main city in Vietnam?