Montagnard /mˈɒntɒnˈɑːrd/ is an umbrella term for the various indigenous peoples of the Central Highlands of Vietnam. The French term “Montagnard” signifies a mountain dweller, and is a carryover from the French colonial period in Vietnam. In Vietnamese, they are known by the term người Thượng ( lit.
Does Vietnam have indigenous people?
Indigenous peoples in Vietnam account for about 13.4 million people, or 14.6% of the national population (95 million). Vietnam has 54 recognized ethnic groups, 53 of which are minority ethnic groups, and is therefore considered a multi-ethnic country.
Who were the original people of Vietnam?
The origin of ethnic Vietnamese were Proto-Vietic people who descended from Proto-Austroasiatic people that possibly originated from somewhere in Southern China, Yunnan, the Lingnan, or the Yangtze River, together with the Monic, who settled further to the west and the Khmeric migrated further south.
Who belongs to indigenous peoples?
Among the indigenous peoples are those of the Americas (for example, the Lakota in the USA, the Mayas in Guatemala or the Aymaras in Bolivia), the Inuit and Aleutians of the circumpolar region, the Saami of northern Europe, the Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders of Australia and the Maori of New Zealand.
What are the different ethnic groups in Vietnam?
Largest Ethnic Groups In Vietnam
|Rank||Ethnic Group||Share of Vietnamese Population|
Who is the god of Vietnam?
Mau Lieu Hanh is the main goddess in the belief to worship women in Vietnam and also one of the 4 immortal gods (Son Tinh – the Mountain Spirit, Thanh Giong, Chu Dong Tu, and Lieu Hanh Holy Mother). It is also believed that the other two goddesses were other avatars of her in the human world.
How many ethnic groups are there in Vietnam?
Vietnam is a multi-nationality country with 54 ethnic groups.
Is Vietnam still communist?
Government of Vietnam
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a one-party state. A new state constitution was approved in April 1992, replacing the 1975 version. The central role of the Communist Party was reasserted in all organs of government, politics and society.
What religion is in Vietnam?
As a communist country, Vietnam is officially an atheist state. Even so, most Vietnamese are not atheists, but believe in a combination of three religions: Daoism, Buddhism, and Confucianism. Added to these are the customs and practice of spirit worship and ancestor veneration.
Where did Khmer originate from?
The Khmers are considered by archaeologists and ethnologists to be indigenous to the contiguous regions of Isan, southern Laos, Cambodia and South Vietnam. That is to say the Cambodians have historically been a lowland people who lived close to one of the tributaries of the Mekong River.
Is Indigenous an offensive term?
‘Indigenous’ comes from the Latin word ‘indigena’ meaning ‘native to the land’ or ‘sprung from the land’. … The term ‘Indigenous’ and using the acronym ATSI can be offensive.” It is also a term the government imposed on Aboriginal people and used as a category. Avoid using this term.
Can I self identify as Aboriginal?
Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander heritage is voluntary and very personal. You don’t need paperwork to identify as an Aboriginal person. However, you may be asked to provide confirmation when applying for Aboriginal-specific jobs, services or programs (for example grants).
What are the difference between tribes and indigenous peoples?
Tribal peoples are peoples who are “not indigenous to the region [they inhabit], but that share similar characteristics with indigenous peoples, such as having social, cultural and economic traditions different from other sections of the national community, identifying themselves with their ancestral territories, and …
How many cultures are there in Vietnam?
Vietnam has 54 ethnic groups living across the country. Each ethnic group has its own cultural identities, thus, the Vietnamese culture has both diversity and unity.
What is the meaning of ethnic groups?
A group of people who share a similar culture (beliefs, values, and behaviors), language, religion, ancestry, or other characteristic that is often handed down from one generation to the next.
What language is spoken in Vietnam?