Etymology. The word Indies comes from Latin: Indus (Names for India). The original name Dutch Indies (Dutch: Nederlandsch-Indië) was translated by the English as the Dutch East Indies, to keep it distinct from the Dutch West Indies.
Which country is called Dutch East Indies?
Dutch East Indies, also called Netherlands East Indies, Dutch Nederlands Oost-Indië or Nederlandsch-Indië, one of the overseas territories of the Netherlands until December 1949, now Indonesia.
Why was Indonesia colonized by the Dutch?
The Dutch arrived in Indonesia in 1595 looking for natural resources and a place to take over.
When did Indonesia become a Dutch colony?
Dutch state rule
After the VOC was dissolved in 1800 following bankruptcy, and after a short British rule under Thomas Stamford Raffles, the Dutch state took over the VOC possessions in 1816. A Javanese uprising was crushed in the Java War of 1825–1830.
How did Indonesia get its name?
Although Indonesia did not become the country’s official name until the time of independence, the name was used as early as 1884 by a German geographer; it is thought to derive from the Greek indos, meaning “India,” and nesos, meaning “island.” After a period of occupation by the Japanese (1942–45) during World War II, …
Why did the Dutch leave India?
Dutch were the first to break through the Portuguese monopoly in the east. Netherland had got independence from Spanish Empire in 1581. Due to war of independence, the ports in Spain for Dutch were closed. This forced them to find out a route to India and east to enable direct trade.
What is the old name of Indonesia?
Short Form: Indonesia. Former Names: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies.
What spices did the Dutch want from Indonesia?
The Dutch were drawn to Indonesia in the late 1500s by the promise of immense profits in the lucrative spice trade. Cloves, nutmeg and mace – found only on a few volcanic islands in Indonesia – were luxury items in Medieval Europe. They were highly valued for their exotic flavours and perceived medicinal properties.
Who colonized Indonesia first?
In 1596 the first Dutch vessels anchored at the shores of West Java. Over the next three centuries, the Dutch gradually colonized this archipelago until it became known as the Dutch East Indies.
What race is Dutch Indonesian?
Who are the Indos? The Dutch-Indonesian or “Indo” belongs to a unique but somewhat unknown Eurasian diaspora in America. Their historical origins lie in Indonesia, or the Dutch East Indies, as it was known when it was an integral part of the Dutch colonial empire.
When did the Dutch lose control of Indonesia?
The Japanese occupation was followed by a war of independence, and in 1949 the Dutch ceded control of the archipelago.
What did the Dutch do to Indonesia?
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Slave trading was widely carried out during the Dutch colonial period in Indonesia. Especially in North Sumatra, human trading for plantation workers, known as coolies, was widely practiced around 150 years ago.
What if Indonesia was never colonized?
If Indonesia had never been colonized, there would be no Indonesia. Multiple states would be in this archipelago, many of them have conflict with their neighbors. You have to read the history of Indonesia to understand. Before the Dutch really have any power here, the multiple kingdoms fight each other.
What is the nickname of Indonesia?
also known as ‘The Emerald of the Equator’
So that makes Indonesia is rich in natural and cultural wealth. That is why Indonesia is called as the emerald of the equator.
What is the main culture of Indonesia?
Indonesia is centrally-located along ancient trading routes between the Far East, South Asia and the Middle East, resulting in many cultural practices being strongly influenced by a multitude of religions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, and Islam, all strong in the major trading cities.
Was Indonesia a Hindu country?
Hinduism in Indonesia, as of the 2018 census, is practised by about 1.74% of the total population, and almost 87% of the population in Bali. Hinduism is one of the six official religions of Indonesia.
Official Census (2018)
|Province (2018 Cen.)||Indonesia|