The valleys and deltas of the rivers supported farming and became home to early civilizations. The mountains, separating the rivers, limited contact from other cultures. This led to may cultures developing. How did Indian and Chinese influences differ in their spread and impact across Southeast Asia?
Why are rivers so important in Southeast Asia?
The rich river soil and water sustain agriculture and fishery. More than 10 million hectares of cultivated land is used for growing rice, the main staple for most Southeast Asians.
What factors influenced the development of the Southeast Asia?
Answer. Answer: A number of sources show that between the first and the tenth centuries ce, many parts of Southeast Asia experienced commercial, artistic, architectural, and religious contact with India and China, which substantially influenced the musical arts.
What was the greatest influence on Southeast Asia?
Southern Indian traders, adventurers, teachers and priests continued to be the dominating influence in Southeast Asia until about 1500 CE. Hinduism and Buddhism both spread to these states from India and for many centuries existed there with mutual toleration.
What 2 countries influenced Southeast Asia?
It must be said that Southeast Asia did not accept all foreign influences in an indiscriminate manner. Two notably important external influences came from China and India, but Southeast Asia accepted only those influences and practices that were suitable to their local cultures.
What is the most important river in Southeast Asia?
The Mekong, Southeast Asia’s most important river, has for millennia supported the rise and fall of empires and is responsible for the livelihood of over 65 million people who live directly on its riverbanks, relying on the river for food, accommodation and employment.
What are the most important rivers in East Asia?
Mainland Southeast Asia is drained by five major river systems, which from west to east are the Irrawaddy, Salween, Chao Phraya, Mekong, and Red rivers. The three largest systems—the Irrawaddy, Salween, and Mekong—have their origins in the Plateau of Tibet.
Which countries most influenced the cultural development of Southeast Asia?
Influence of China and India. Between approximately 150 bce and 150 ce, most of Southeast Asia was first influenced by the more mature cultures of its neighbours to the north and west.
What is the history of Southeast Asia?
HISTORY OF SOUTHEAST ASIA. Cultural influence in southeast Asia comes at first either from India or China. … Further east, in Vietnam, Bronze Age culture infiltrates gradually from China at some time before the 3rd century BC. With these exceptions, the region is still occupied at this time by neolithic communities.
How did colonialism affect Southeast Asia?
The impact of colonialism was felt in the economic, social and political domains. In some cases, western powers destroyed local indigenous democracies even as they attempted to implant western values. Colonialism practically meant a government run by stodgy and autocratic bureaucrats.
How did geography influence the history and culture of Southeast Asia?
Geography influences the history and culture of Southeast Asia and of Korea because, since they are near the pacific oceans so they can have better trade due to their sea trade. … Why do you think that of all the cultures of Southeast Asia, Vietnam was the least influenced by India?
How did Hindu culture influence Southeast Asia?
Hinduism and Buddhism exerted an enormous influence on the civilizations of Southeast Asia and contributed greatly to the development of a written tradition in that area. About the beginning of the Common Era, Indian merchants may have settled there, bringing Brahmans and Buddhist monks with them.
In what ways did imperialism affect Southeast Asia?
How did imperialism impact southeast Asia? Southeast Asian economies became based on cash crops. Roads, harbors, rail systems, and improved communication was established. Education, health, and sanitation improved.
How many countries are in Southeast Asia?
Southeast Asia is composed of eleven countries of impressive diversity in religion, culture and history: Brunei, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Timor-Leste, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
Is Korea part of Southeast Asia?
In business and economics, “East Asia” is sometimes used to refer to a wide geographical area covering ten Southeast Asian countries in ASEAN, Greater China, Japan and Korea.
What is the culture of Southeast Asia?
Buddhist culture has a lasting and significant impact in mainland Southeast Asia (Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam); most Buddhists in Indochina practice Theravada Buddhism. In the case of Vietnam, it is also influenced much by Confucianism and the culture of China.