Viet Cong (VC), in full Viet Nam Cong San, English Vietnamese Communists, the guerrilla force that, with the support of the North Vietnamese Army, fought against South Vietnam (late 1950s–1975) and the United States (early 1960s–1973).
What were the Viet Cong fighting for?
The Viet Cong were South Vietnamese supporters of the communist National Liberation Front in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War (known in Vietnam as the American War). They were allied with North Vietnam and the troops of Ho Chi Minh, who sought to conquer the south and create a unified, communist state of Vietnam.
Who were the Viet Cong fighting against?
|National Liberation Front of South Vietnam|
|Allies||North Vietnam Soviet Union China|
|Opponents||South Vietnam United States United Front for the Liberation of Oppressed Races Kingdom of Laos Khmer Republic Thailand|
|Battles and wars||See full list|
|Succeeded by Vietnam Fatherland Front|
Who did the Viet Cong have support from?
The Vietcong and North Vietnam were supported by the Soviet Union (USSR) and China who supplied money and weapons.
Did the Vietcong win the Vietnam War?
The U.S. Army reported 58, 177 losses in Vietnam, the South Vietnamese 223, 748. This comes to less than 300,000 losses. The North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong, however, are said to have lost more than a million soldiers and two million civilians. In terms of body count, the U.S. and South Vietnam won a clear victory.
Why did the US fail in Vietnam?
Failures for the USA
Failure of Operation Rolling Thunder: The bombing campaign failed because the bombs often fell into empty jungle, missing their Vietcong targets. … Lack of support back home: As the war dragged on more and more Americans began to oppose the war in Vietnam.
Who was the leader of Viet Cong?
Ho Chi Minh was the key figure and held the main leadership of North Vietnam during both wars in the country. He remained a great source of inspiration for the Vietnamese who were fighting for a united Vietnam as in his wish after he officially stepped aside in 1965 and even after his death in 1969.
Who started the Vietnam War?
Why did the Vietnam War start? The United States had provided funding, armaments, and training to South Vietnam’s government and military since Vietnam’s partition into the communist North and the democratic South in 1954. Tensions escalated into armed conflict between the two sides, and in 1961 U.S. President John F.
Did America create the Viet Cong?
First de Marrais tells them that it was Americans who created the Viet Minh, a precursor to the Viet Cong, in 1945. … The OSS, later to become the CIA, only backed the Viet Minh in world war two because it was already an established guerrilla group, capable of spying on the Japanese.
Why were the Viet Cong hard to fight?
The Vietcong had an intricate knowledge of the terrain. They won the hearts and minds of the South Vietnamese people by living in their villages and helping them with their everyday lives. Their tunnel systems, booby-traps and jungle cover meant they were difficult to defeat and hard to find.
Is Vietnam still communist?
Government of Vietnam
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a one-party state. A new state constitution was approved in April 1992, replacing the 1975 version. The central role of the Communist Party was reasserted in all organs of government, politics and society.
Why did the US get involved in Vietnam?
China had become communist in 1949 and communists were in control of North Vietnam. The USA was afraid that communism would spread to South Vietnam and then the rest of Asia. It decided to send money, supplies and military advisers to help the South Vietnamese Government.
How many Viet Cong died in the Vietnam War?
Total number of deaths
|Low estimate of deaths||High estimate of deaths|
|North Vietnam/Viet Cong military and civilian war dead||533,000||1,489,000|
|South Vietnam/U.S./South Korea war military and civilian war dead||429,000||1,119,000|
|Democide by North Vietnam/Viet Cong||131,000||302,000|
|Democide by South Vietnam||57,000||284,000|
What was the war in Vietnam over?
The Vietnam War pitted communist North Vietnam and the Viet Cong against South Vietnam and the United States. The war ended when U.S. forces withdrew in 1973 and Vietnam unified under Communist control two years later.
How did the US finally end the war in Vietnam?
The peace settlement enabled the United States to withdraw from the war and welcome the American prisoners of war back home. … On April 30, 1975, NVA tanks rolled through the gate of the Presidential Palace in Saigon, effectively ending the war.
Was Vietnam a declared war?
The United States did not declare war during its involvement in Vietnam, although the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution authorized the escalation and use of military force in the Vietnam War without a formal declaration of war.